The automotive industry is characterized by continuous transformation. Leading companies have extensively invested in research and development to produce efficient and reliable hybrid vehicles and all-electric car models. This article highlights a key difference between hybrid and electric cars, including their features, performance, pros & cons.
The strategy is attributed to the need for car manufactures to minimize their carbon footprints globally. Hybrid cars allow users to use both the combustion engine and the battery, while electric cars are motor-driver fully powered by storage battery. Exploration of each model’s main differences and benefits is key to deciding on the best vehicle to purchase.
What is a Hybrid Car?
Hybrid cars are powered by an electric motor and petrol engine. The electric motor derives its power from a battery. The two sources allow the consumers to switch to appropriate sources depending on their needs.
For instance, the electric motor is desirable when slowing or driving at low speeds, while the petrol engine is used when climbing hills, accelerating, or when surplus power is needed. The flexibility allows the consumers to switch based on their driving needs.
Main parts of a hybrid car
The auxiliary battery provides the energy to drive the vehicle and power accessories. Secondly, the electric motor drives the power from the traction battery pack to drive the car wheels. Thirdly, the electric generator in the vehicle is used to generate electricity when the car brakes.
The speed of the electric motor in a hybrid car is controlled by a power electronic controller which controls electric flow from the battery. The primary source of power for the electric traction motor is derived from electricity stored in a battery pack
On the other hand, the fuel-powered system comprises a fuel tank used to store gasoline. The combination of the air and the fuel in the internal combustion engine chamber causes ignition that powers the car. The exhaust system eliminates the exhaust gases from the engine, while the thermal system assists in temperature regulation to minimize the damage of electronics and other vehicle components.
Working Principle of the Hybrid cars
Electric motors and internal combustion engines provide power for hybrid vehicles. An internal combustion engine charges the batteries through regenerative braking. As a result, consumers are not required to charge their vehicles with an external power source.
Consequently, the battery and the engine can work simultaneously when driving. A case illustration is powering the auxiliary loads by the battery, minimizing energy consumption by an idle engine.
What is an electric vehicle?
Electric cars run exclusively on energy stored in batteries. The models have no petrol or diesel tanks and combustion engines since they are motor-driven. The charging of electric cars depends on the electricity from external sources.
Electric cars are noiseless and have no tailpipe emissions, making them eco-friendly. The key components in electric cars are the battery, electric traction motor, charge port, electric transmission, traction battery pack, cooling system, and power electronic controller.
Operation Principles of Electric Vehicle
A traction battery pack powers all-electric vehicles that store energy used to power the electric traction motors. DC power from the battery is converted to AC to power the electric motor. Change in the frequency of AC power from inverter by the control helps regulate the vehicle speed.
Likewise, braking makes a motor an alternator that produces power used to revitalize the batteries. Hence, no fuel is a need in all-electric cars.
The key difference between electric cars and Hybrid vehicles
Hybrid cars use both fuels, petrol and diesel, and battery when driving, while batteries and a motor motorize the electric cars.
Secondly, electric cars are charged externally, whereas hybrid cars are recharged when the car is driven.
Thirdly, no tailpipe emissions in electric cars compared to hybrid vehicles that emit carbon and other particles due to fuel combustion.
Lastly, hybrid cars offer flexibility because users can switch to fuel without necessarily stopping to charge like in fully electric cars.
Hybrid versus electric cars pros and cons
Pros of Hybrid Car
Hybrid cars decrease carbon emissions. The switching of the fuel-powered engine to battery-driven makes hybrid vehicles important in reducing the negative environmental impact of carbon-based fuel.
Consequently, self-recharging batteries make the cares eco-friendly because it reduces energy consumption. Also, hybrid cars have less noise than petrol-powered automobiles, making them ideal for reducing noise pollution. The reliability and energy efficiency make hybrid vehicles dependable on the road.
Cons of Hybrid Car
Tailpipe emission from hybrid vehicles contributes to environmental degradation. The fueling means more carbon emission and other poisonous gases to the atmosphere.
Consequently, the plug-in hybrid car might derive the charging energy from carbon-based fuels contributing to environmental destruction.
Advantages of Electric Car
Zero carbon emission makes electric vehicles the best in mitigating environmental degradation. The use of batteries eliminates the need for petrol or diesel, contributing to ecological degradation.
Fully electric cars eliminate noise and air contamination because they are quit with zero gas and particle discharges.
Disadvantages of electric cars
All-electric cars require external charging to power the vehicles. The mains electricity can be derived from coal or fossil fuels leading to pollution. Subsequently, poor disposal of batteries affects the soil microorganism and other living organisms.
Lack of appropriate waste policies and recharging of all-electric vehicles makes it challenging to make them carbon neutral.
Entirely electric cars are beneficial to the environment compared to hybrid electric cars. The zero dependence on fossil fuels makes them best in mitigating adverse environmental impacts caused by petrol-powered cars.
The enhancement of battery technology and the efficiency of electric cars make them more reliable in promoting environmental conservation.
However, hybrid cars are more flexible and dependable compared to electric vehicles. Hybrid car owners enjoy versatility since they do not have to stop and charge their vehicles.
The reduction in carbon emission makes them ideal in countries that have no electric car charging points. Hybrid cars are beneficial because it is a step forward to reducing carbon footprints from the transport industry.
Electric cars are the best choice is promoting ecological sustainability. The concern on traces of carbon footprints in the supply chain is offset by zero-carbon emission when driving a car.
Likewise, extensive research on battery storage technology will lead to more reliable all-electric cars with a long driving range. Expansion of charging points and shift to renewable energy generation means carbon neutrality in the transport sector is achievable through electric vehicles.